Parents often go to great lengths to help their children succeed in their education. Unfortunately many parents believe that helping their children with mathematics is beyond their abilities. For some, learning mathematics was a dull and uninspiring experience that they are not keen to revisit. For others, the mention of mathematics is associated with a profound sense of fear or anxiety. Fortunately a rapidly growing body of scientific research has led educators to question much of what they thought they knew about the teaching and learning of mathematics. Teachers and parents now have a shared responsibility to ensure that in future students can learn mathematics with confidence and understanding. This Parent Guide was developed by the Mathematical Association of Western Australia. It is designed to assist parents who wish to ensure that their children are capable and confident users of mathematics.